2 Minutes Tutorial: How to Use Vim in Terminal

As Linux users, we are involved in text processing extensively. Configuration files in Linux need to change frequently. Vim is the solution to any text editing. If nano is installed, it is another solution but not very effective. In this article, we will cover how we can effectively use vim while working. If you are interested in learning more Linux commands, Click Here for Top 25 Linux Commands for Beginners.

Installation

Vim is pre-installed on most of the Linux-based distributions. If not installed, use below commands:

sudo apt install vim

Alternatively, you can also use below commands:

git clone https://github.com/vim/vim.git
cd vim/src
make
sudo make install

How to create text file using vim in 3 steps

Step 1: To initiate the editor, just type the below command:

vim

Step 2: type "i"[enter]. You are able see "INSERT" that means now enter content in file. Type "I am just creating text file using vim".

Step 3: Press Escape, type ":wq! test.txt" and Enter.

":wq! test.txt" is used to write, save and quit. This will help you to return to the terminal window. When you use "ls" command, you are able to see text files in the same directory.

You can use below command for open a file. If file is not available, it will create it.

vim <file-name>

Simple Commands for Start Using Vim

CommandDescription
:w!To save
:wq!save and exit
:q!to exit the file without saving
vto select characters
ddto cut a line
yyto copy a line
dto cut
pto paste
yto copy
hmoves left in terminal
jmoves down in terminal
kmoves up in terminal
lmoves right in terminal

Search and replace string in text files

For search, simply use / and search string. ? is used to search string in backward of text file. Vim has a similar feature of grep for pattern recognition.

CommandDescription
/<string>search string in text file
?<string>search backward from end of text file
:%s/<string>search string in text file
:%s/<string>/<replace-string>replace string in text file
:%s/<string>/<replace-string>/creplace string but ask for confirmation

Conclusion

This tutorial is ideal for beginners. Still long way to go. Vim is extremely useful to process text files. With the help of this tutorial, you are able to create new files, manipulate text files, search strings and exit safely. Do practice more and more and play with vim to learn it in more depth. But still if you know these commands, you are capable of performing 80 percentage of tasks.

Subscribe us to receive more such articles updates in your email.

If you have any questions, feel free to ask in the comments section below. Nothing gives me greater joy than helping my readers!

Disclaimer: This tutorial is for educational purpose only. Individual is solely responsible for any illegal act.

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.