How to use logical operators (OR, AND & NOT) with Linux grep command

Linux grep one of the most used commands by system administrators, computer programmers and ethical hackers. This article will see How to use logical operators (OR, AND, NOT) with Linux grep command. Linux grep command is used to filter information based on pattern matching. Suppose you have logs of firewall, and you want to search for specific IPs. Linux grep command comes for rescue, and you can use the logical operators' functionality of this command. Click Here if you are interested in understanding Top Linux Commands for Beginners.

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We will use below data to demonstrate logical AND, OR and NOT operators in grep:

(1) Use '\|' for using OR in grep

Below commands print lines that matches pattern1 or pattern2 till pattern n

cat <file> | grep '<pattern1>\|<pattern2>\|....<patternn>'

or

grep '<pattern1>\|<pattern2>\|....<patternn>' <file>

(2) Use -E option for using OR in grep

Below commands print lines that matches pattern1 or pattern2 till pattern n by using -E option

cat <file> | grep -E '<pattern1>|<pattern2>|....<patternn>'

or

grep '<pattern1>|<pattern2>|....<patternn>' <file>

(3) Use -v option for using NOT operator in grep

Below commands print lines that not matches pattern1

cat <file> | grep -v '<pattern1>'

or

grep -v '<pattern1>' <file>

(4) AND operator usage example in grep by using multiple patterns

Below commands print lines that matches pattern1, pattern 2 and pattern 3

cat <file> | grep 'pattern1' | grep 'pattern2' | grep 'pattern3'

or

grep <pattern1> <file> | grep <pattern2> | grep <pattern3>

(5) AND operator implement using -E option

Below commands print lines that matches pattern1 and pattern2

grep -E '{pattern1}.{pattern2}|{pattern2}.{pattern1}' {file}

Conclusion

Linux grep command is awesome in pattern matching only if you know it very well. In this article, we have covered How to use logical operators (OR, AND & NOT) with Linux grep command.

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Disclaimer: This tutorial is for educational purpose only. Individual is solely responsible for any illegal act.

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