Security Audit of WordPress Applications
WordPress is a most popular Content Management System (CMS) framework and used by thousands of content creators. Inherently, WordPress is secure by design. But if you have not configured securely, your blog may be hacked by bad people.
This article goes through the simple security audit method that helps you secure your precious blog.
Security Audit of WordPress Application
Security Audit is a process of identifying vulnerabilities in web applications. It also takes care of known and unknown vulnerabilities if performed correctly.
(1) Update Update Update
Always update plugins and themes to a latest versions.
(2) WordPress Security Scanner
You can use different WordPress security scanners to identify vulnerabilities. Search free WordPress security scanner on google and you will identify a bunch of scanners. Read Teams and Conditions before shooting a scan on your website.
Always take backups before major change in website. Also it is recommended to schedule periodic backup of WordPress site.
(4) Change the "admin" username
It is recommended to create user defined username instead of default username "admin".
(5) Users Accounts
Create user accounts on principle of least privilege. Give user rights when only needed.
(6) Enable two factor authentication
Enable two factor authentication to enhance security of user accounts.
(7) Use available genuine security plugins
Always use genuine security plugins to enhance security of website.
(8) Enable secure communication (HTTPS/TLS)
Always use secure connection for communication.
(9) Add necessary HTTP security headers
Add security headers to increase security against common vulnerabilities.
(10) Automatic log out idle sessions
If user is not used dashboard for some time, log out the user from that account.
(11) Disable Directory Indexing and Browsing
It is recommended to disable directory indexing and browser. Many online tools available for identifying hidden directories.
(12) Hire external agency for deep security scan against OWASP Top 10 (optional)
If your website is big and generates a lot of revenue, you can think of hiring an external agency to check the website for OWASP Top 10 issues. I am listing out the Top 10 security risks below:
- Broken Authentication
- Sensitive Data Exposure
- XML External Entities (XXE)
- Broken Access Control
- Security Misconfiguration
- Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
- Insecure Deserialization
- Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities
- Insufficient Logging & Monitoring
It is highly recommended to secure websites against security vulnerabilities. To summarize, always use genuine plugins and themes, update them, enable secure communication, and backup content periodically and whenever plan any major changes in the website.
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If you have any questions, feel free to ask in the comments section below. Nothing gives me greater joy than helping my readers!
Disclaimer: This tutorial is for educational purpose only. Individual is solely responsible for any illegal act.